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Myš­lien­ka prvá – autor – sleč­na Šajgalíková

Turek – PAŠA mal svoj paša­lik (revír) a od paša­li­ka nie je ďale­ko ku Šajgalíkovi.

Myš­lien­ka dru­há – autor Jozef Šajgalík

Za pomo­ci poľ­ské­ho Jána Sobies­ké­ho zví­ťa­zil v roku 1683 Karol Lot­rin­ský nad Tur­ka­mi. Obsa­dil aj Bra­ti­sla­vu a na bra­ti­slav­skom hra­de roko­va­li o ďal­šom postu­pe pro­ti Tur­kom. Pri návra­te z bojov, pozdĺž Slo­ven­ska, pus­to­ši­li kra­ji­nu litov­ské a tatár­ske oddie­ly Jána Sobies­ké­ho pod vede­ním L. Sapi­hu. V 16. sto­ro­čí vznik­li osa­dy, tzv. hand­le Gaš­pa­ro­voFili­po­vo. Z Gaš­pa­ro­va sa nevrá­til domov jeden z tatár­skych, mož­no turec­kých bojov­ní­kov. Od neho sa odví­ja rod Šaj­ga­lí­kov­cov z Gaš­pa­ro­va. Dneš­ní potom­ko­via sú mož­no 13. – 14. generáciou.

Meno Šaj­ga­lík môže byť odvo­de­né od mena step­nej ovce, ale­bo kozy menom saj­ga. V Uhor­sku sa číta­lo šaj­ga. Saj­gy sa vo veľ­kom množ­stve vysky­to­va­li voľ­ne v ste­pi. Pred­po­klad je, že dvor, chov, far­ma, kde sa saj­gy cho­va­li sa nazý­va­li saj­ga­lí­ky. V arab­či­ne toto slo­vo zna­me­ná krá­ľov­stvo, hos­po­dár­stvo, maje­tok. Súčas­né slo­vo sag­lik zna­me­ná sana­tó­rium v Ana­tó­lii. Teda je mož­ná aj alter­na­tí­va, že po turec­kej oku­pá­cie Slo­ven­ska, ostal u nás sag­lik, čo v tureč­ti­ne zna­me­ná lekár, felčiar.

Ján Šaj­ga­lík je slo­ven­ský his­to­rik ume­nia, kto­rý sa špe­cia­li­zu­je na obdo­bie gotic­kej a rene­sanč­nej archi­tek­tú­ry v stred­nej Euró­pe. Je auto­rom mno­hých vedec­kých prác a pub­li­ká­cií. Je pova­žo­va­ný za jed­né­ho z pop­red­ných odbor­ní­kov na stre­do­ve­ké ume­nie na Slovensku.


Ján Dugát a Zuzana Šajgalíková


Idea One – aut­hor: Miss Šajgalíková

The Turk – PASHA had his pas­ha­lik (ter­ri­to­ry), and Šaj­ga­lík was not far from the pashalik.

Idea Two – aut­hor: Jozef Šajgalík

With the help of the Polish Jan Sobies­ki, Char­les of Lor­rai­ne defe­a­ted the Turks in 1683. He also occu­pied Bra­ti­sla­va, and nego­tia­ti­ons about furt­her acti­ons against the Turks took pla­ce at Bra­ti­sla­va Cast­le. Upon retur­ning from the batt­les along Slo­va­kia, the Lit­hu­anian and Tatar units of Jan Sobies­ki, led by L. Sapi­hu, devas­ta­ted the land. In the 16th cen­tu­ry, sett­le­ments cal­led Gaš­pa­ro­vo and Fili­po­vo were estab­lis­hed. One of the Tatar, possib­ly Tur­kish, war­ri­ors did not return home from Gaš­pa­ro­vo. The Šaj­ga­lík fami­ly tra­ces its ori­gins to him. Toda­y­’s des­cen­dants may be the 13th14th generation.

The name Šaj­ga­lík may be deri­ved from the name of a step­pe she­ep or goat cal­led saj­ga. In Hun­ga­ry, it was read as šaj­ga. Saj­gas were abun­dant in the step­pe. The assump­ti­on is that the cour­ty­ard, bre­e­ding pla­ce, or farm whe­re saj­gas were kept was cal­led saj­ga­lí­ky. In Ara­bic, this word means a king­dom, eco­no­my, or pro­per­ty. The cur­rent word sag­lik means a sana­to­rium in Ana­to­lia. The­re­fo­re, an alter­na­ti­ve expla­na­ti­on is possib­le: after the Tur­kish occu­pa­ti­on of Slo­va­kia, sag­lik, mea­ning doc­tor or hea­ler in Tur­kish, remai­ned with us.

Ján Šaj­ga­lík is a Slo­vak art his­to­rian spe­cia­li­zing in the Got­hic and Renais­san­ce archi­tec­tu­re of Cen­tral Euro­pe. He is the aut­hor of nume­rous scho­lar­ly works and pub­li­ca­ti­ons. Con­si­de­red one of the lea­ding experts on medie­val art in Slo­va­kia, Šaj­ga­lík has made sig­ni­fi­cant con­tri­bu­ti­ons to the unders­tan­ding of art his­to­ry in the region.

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